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Dementia is a broad term for a decline in mental skills severe enough to interfere with daily living. Memory loss is one example. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia.

Dementia is not a specific disease. It is a broad term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other cognitive skills severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform daily activities. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 80% of cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common form of dementia. But there are many other conditions that can cause dementia symptoms to appear, some of which are reversible, such as thyroid problems or vitamin deficiencies.

Dementia is not a specific disease. It is a broad term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other cognitive skills severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform daily activities. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 80% of cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common form of dementia. But there are many other conditions that can cause dementia symptoms to appear, some of which are reversible, such as thyroid problems or vitamin deficiencies.

Dementia is often mistakenly referred to as “senility” or “senile dementia,” reflecting the once widely held but false idea that severe decline in mental ability is part of the normal aging process.

Memory loss and other symptoms of dementia

Although the symptoms of dementia vary widely, at least two of the following essential mental functions must be seriously affected in order to be able to talk about dementia:

  • Memory
  • Communication and language
  • Ability to focus and stay alert
  • Reasoning and judgment
  • Visual perception

People with dementia may have difficulty with their short-term memory, remembering where they put their purse or wallet, paying bills, planning and preparing meals, remembering their appointments or to go to a place outside their neighborhood.

Many dementias are progressive, that is, symptoms appear slowly and gradually get worse. If you or someone you love is having memory problems or seeing other changes in your cognitive skills, don’t ignore them. See a doctor to determine the cause. A professional assessment can detect a condition that can be treated. And even if the symptoms seem to indicate dementia, early diagnosis allows a person to get the most benefit from available treatments and provides an opportunity to find volunteers to participate in trials or clinical studies. It also gives you time to plan for the future.

Shumaya Home Care has been providing Home Health Care Services in Lahore, Pakistan for the patients for Dementia and our well trained staff do have the expertise to help and provide care for the patients of Dementia in elderly.

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